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Georgia (country) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The full constitutional name for the country is “Georgia”. “Georgia” is an exonym, used in the West since the medieval period. It is presumably derived from the Persian-Arabic designation of the Georgians, gurğ, ğurğ, borrowed around the time of the First Crusade, ultimately derived from a Middle Persian varkâna, meaning “land of wolves”. The name was etymologized as referring to St. George, explicitly so by the end of the 12th century by Jacques de Vitry, due to the Georgians’ special reverence for that saint (see Tetri Giorgi). Early modern authors such as Jean Chardin tried to link the name to the literal meaning of Greek γεωργός (“tiller of the earth; agriculturalist”).